100 anni di IBM – The First Salaried Workforce

The First Salaried Workforce   Thomas Watson Sr. always believed in making his workers feel dignified. In 1934, he bucked a trend toward paying factory workers in piecework, instead paying by the hour.   Continuing the tradition, in 1958 IBM became the first industrial organization to place all regular, hourly-rated domestic employees on a salary basis.   This change in … Continua a leggere

100 anni di IBM – Optimizing the Food Supply

Optimizing the Food Supply   IBM worked with the Danish government in 1988 to create a nationwide cattle registry.   This National Cattle Database collected and managed a breadth of information on 1.2 million bovine animals—including yield, breeding abilities, herdbook, medical history and even udder size and shape. The database has enabled farmers to optimize the breeding and yield of … Continua a leggere

100 anni di IBM – The Floppy Disk

The Floppy Disk   The IBM engineers who developed the floppy disk never could have dreamed that it would soon become instilled in the fabric of consumers’ lives.   It was originally designed for large-scale systems, as a more efficient form factor for IBM’s System/370 mainframe data loads. But soon, the disk’s small size and ever-increasing storage capabilities led to … Continua a leggere

100 anni di IBM – Sage

SAGE   The First National Air Defense Network     In the depths of the cold war, IBM was contracted to help safeguard the United States by building an air defense system known as the Semi-Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE).   When fully deployed in 1963, the system consisted of 27 centers throughout North America, each occupying an acre of floor … Continua a leggere

100 anni di IBM – IBM 1401: The Mainframe

IBM 1401: The Mainframe In 1959, IBM introduced the 1401, the first high-volume, stored-program, core-memory transistorized mainframe computer. Its versatility in running enterprise applications of all kinds helped it become the most popular computer model in the world in the early 1960s. IBM also introduced the 1403 chain printer, which launched the era of high-speed, high-volume impact printing. The 1403 … Continua a leggere

100 anni di IBM – UPC

    UPC The Transformation of Retail The UPC barcode system came into being as the result of one man’s breakthrough moment, while working under a dramatically tight deadline. This 1973 invention turned into one of the most profound contributions to industrial technology. A truly universal standard, the UPC is among the most recognized designs in history, and typically IBM: … Continua a leggere

Patents and Innovation

  By hiring engineer and inventor James W. Bryce in 1917, Thomas Watson Sr. showed his commitment to pure inventing. Bryce and his team established IBM as a long-term leader in the development and protection of intellectual property. By 1929, 90 percent of IBM’s products were the result of Watson’s investments in R&D. In 1940, the team invented a method … Continua a leggere