100 anni di IBM – Corporate Service Corps

Corporate Service Corps   The IBM Corporate Service Corps (CSC) program was launched in 2008 to create leadership development opportunities for IBMers while delivering expertise-based service for the communities and organizations in emerging markets.   To date 1000 IBMers have participated in CSC projects that tackle issues from local economic development, entrepreneurship, transportation and education, to government services, healthcare and … Continua a leggere

100 anni di IBM – The IBM Punched Card

  The IBM Punched Card   From the beginning of tabulation, stiff rectangular cards punched with holes became the way data was recorded and stored.   As IBM grew to dominate data processing by the 1920s, its cards—which only worked on IBM machines and vice-versa—became the global industry standard. In 1928, IBM improved on the cards’ design so more data … Continua a leggere

100 anni di IBM – The First Corporate Pure Science Research Laboratory

  The First Corporate Pure Science Research Laboratory     “Think” was at the core of Watson’s being.   In 1944, he established the Watson Scientific Computing Laboratory at Columbia University, the first corporate laboratory dedicated to pure scientific research. There, a handful of scientists used machines previously dedicated to accounting to investigate everything from atomic fission to the orbit … Continua a leggere

100 anni di IBM – Dram

DRAM The Invention of On-Demand Data   In the mid-1960s, IBM researcher Bob Dennard developed the world’s first one-transistor memory, calling it “dynamic random access memory,” or DRAM. Finally, mainframes could be outfitted with short-term memory to act as a buffer to the data stored on disk drives.   The memory chips would hold information the computer was working on … Continua a leggere

100 anni di IBM – Automated Test Scoring

Automated Test Scoring     IBM pioneered the measurement of academic performance with 1937’s IBM 805 Test Scoring Machine.   This machine was able to score tests in less time than it took to manually mark the answer sheet, and was many times more accurate.   Its innovative pencil-mark sensing technology gave rise to the ubiquitous phrase, “Please completely fill … Continua a leggere

100 anni di IBM – Scanning Tunneling Microscope

Scanning Tunneling Microscope   The scanning tunneling microscope (STM) revolutionized our ability to manipulate solid surfaces the size of atoms.   Gerd Binnig and Heinrich Rohrer of IBM’s Zurich Research Center were awarded the 1986 Nobel Prize in Physics for discovering the STM.   And the STM, in turn, has led to other discoveries on a “nano” scale, playing an … Continua a leggere

100 anni di IBM – A Computer Called Watson

  A Computer Called Watson   IBM’s latest computer, code-named “Watson” leverages the leading edge Question-Answering technology, allowing the computer to process and understand natural language.   It incorporates massively parallel analytical capabilities to emulate the human mind’s ability to understand the actual meaning behind words, distinguish between relevant and irrelevant content, and ultimately, demonstrate confidence to deliver precise final … Continua a leggere

100 anni di IBM – Rise of the Internet

  Rise of the Internet   In 1987, IBM, working with the U.S. National Science Foundation and our partners at MCI and Merit designed a new high-speed National Science Foundation Network (NSFNET) to connect US universities and 6 US-based supercomputer centers.   The NSFNET greatly increased the capacity of the Internet (increasing the bandwidth of backbone links from 56 Kilobits/sec … Continua a leggere

100 anni di IBM – RAMAC, The First Magnetic Hard Disk

RAMAC The First Magnetic Hard Disk   The world’s first hard disk drive was the size of two kitchen refrigerators set side by side. It contained 24 disks spinning at 1,200 revolutions per minute, supplying data at 100,000 bits per second. It was the IBM RAMAC (Random Access Method of Accounting and Control), and it allowed enterprises to think about … Continua a leggere

100 anni di IBM – Excimer Laser Surgery

Excimer Laser Surgery   In 1981, three IBM scientists—Rangaswamy Srinivasan, James Wynne and Samuel Blum—discovered how the newly invented excimer laser could remove specific human tissue without harming the surrounding area and do so on an extremely minute scale—a process that became the foundation for LASIK and PRK surgery.   The painless procedure, which changes the shape of the cornea, … Continua a leggere