100 anni di IBM – Dram

DRAM The Invention of On-Demand Data   In the mid-1960s, IBM researcher Bob Dennard developed the world’s first one-transistor memory, calling it “dynamic random access memory,” or DRAM. Finally, mainframes could be outfitted with short-term memory to act as a buffer to the data stored on disk drives.   The memory chips would hold information the computer was working on … Continua a leggere

100 anni di IBM – System 360

System 360   From Computers to Computer Systems   Few products in history have had the massive impact that the IBM System/360 has had—on technology, on the way the world works, or on the organization that created them.   The System/360 ushered in the era of computer compatibility—for the first time allowing models across a product line, and even from … Continua a leggere

100 anni di IBM – The Optimization of Global Railways

  The Optimization of Global Railways   IBM’s first customer in Italy, the Italian state-owned Ferrovie dello Stato (Italian Railways) turned to IBM in 1928 to automate its administrative processes.   The result was an inventory of spare parts that drastically reduced waste and statistical traffic analysis that helped to schedule and allocate trains. Italian Railways was one of the … Continua a leggere

100 anni di IBM – A Computer Called Watson

  A Computer Called Watson   IBM’s latest computer, code-named “Watson” leverages the leading edge Question-Answering technology, allowing the computer to process and understand natural language.   It incorporates massively parallel analytical capabilities to emulate the human mind’s ability to understand the actual meaning behind words, distinguish between relevant and irrelevant content, and ultimately, demonstrate confidence to deliver precise final … Continua a leggere

100 anni di IBM – Rise of the Internet

  Rise of the Internet   In 1987, IBM, working with the U.S. National Science Foundation and our partners at MCI and Merit designed a new high-speed National Science Foundation Network (NSFNET) to connect US universities and 6 US-based supercomputer centers.   The NSFNET greatly increased the capacity of the Internet (increasing the bandwidth of backbone links from 56 Kilobits/sec … Continua a leggere

100 anni di IBM – The First Salaried Workforce

The First Salaried Workforce   Thomas Watson Sr. always believed in making his workers feel dignified. In 1934, he bucked a trend toward paying factory workers in piecework, instead paying by the hour.   Continuing the tradition, in 1958 IBM became the first industrial organization to place all regular, hourly-rated domestic employees on a salary basis.   This change in … Continua a leggere

100 anni di IBM – Optimizing the Food Supply

Optimizing the Food Supply   IBM worked with the Danish government in 1988 to create a nationwide cattle registry.   This National Cattle Database collected and managed a breadth of information on 1.2 million bovine animals—including yield, breeding abilities, herdbook, medical history and even udder size and shape. The database has enabled farmers to optimize the breeding and yield of … Continua a leggere

100 anni di IBM – The Floppy Disk

The Floppy Disk   The IBM engineers who developed the floppy disk never could have dreamed that it would soon become instilled in the fabric of consumers’ lives.   It was originally designed for large-scale systems, as a more efficient form factor for IBM’s System/370 mainframe data loads. But soon, the disk’s small size and ever-increasing storage capabilities led to … Continua a leggere

100 anni di IBM – Sage

SAGE   The First National Air Defense Network     In the depths of the cold war, IBM was contracted to help safeguard the United States by building an air defense system known as the Semi-Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE).   When fully deployed in 1963, the system consisted of 27 centers throughout North America, each occupying an acre of floor … Continua a leggere